What is Ambien?|
A) Ambien with the generic name of Zolpidem belongs
to a class of medicines that effects the central nervous system, called sedative
hypnotics. Ambien is closely related to a family of drugs called benzodiazepines.
These drugs cause sedation, muscle relaxation, act as anti-convulsants (anti-seizure),
and have anti-anxiety properties. Ambien has selectivity in that it has little
of the muscle relaxant or anti-seizure effect and more of the sedative effect.
Therefore, it is used as a medication for sleep.
How is Ambien used?
When abused, Ambien tablets are taken orally, crushed and then snorted, or dissolved
in water and "cooked" for intravenous injection.
What are the effects of Ambien?
in thinking and/or behavior
may cause special type of memory loss known as amnesia. When this occurs, a person
may not remember what has happened for several hours after taking the medicine.
In addition, addiction, or dependence, can be caused by Ambien, especially when
used regularly for longer than a few weeks or at high doses. People who have been
dependent on alcohol or other drugs in the past may have a greater chance of becoming
addicted to Ambien. Some people using Ambien have experienced unusual changes
in their thinking and/or behavior.
common side effects may include:
Abdominal pain, abnormal dreams, abnormal
vision, agitation, amnesia, anxiety, arthritis, back pain, bronchitis, burning
sensation, chest pain, confusion, constipation, coughing, daytime sleeping, decreased
mental alertness, depression, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, difficulty concentrating,
difficulty swallowing, diminished sensitivity to touch, dizziness on standing,
double vision, dry mouth, emotional instability, exaggerated feeling of well-being,
eye irritation, falling, fatigue, fever, flu-like symptoms, gas, general discomfort,
hallucination, hiccup, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, increased sweating,
infection, insomnia, itching, joint pain, lack of bladder control, lack of coordination,
lethargy, light-headedness, loss of appetite, menstrual disorder, migraine, muscle
pain, nasal inflammation, nervousness, numbness, paleness, prickling or tingling
sensation, rapid heartbeat, rash, ringing in the ears, sinus inflammation, sleep
disorder, speech difficulties, swelling due to fluid retention, taste abnormalities,
throat inflammation, throbbing heartbeat, tremor, unconsciousness, upper respiratory
infection, urinary tract infection, vertigo, vomiting, weakness
side effects may include:
Abnormal tears or tearing, abscess, acne, aggravation
of allergies, aggravation of high blood pressure, aggression, allergic reaction,
altered production of saliva, anemia, belching, blisters, blood clot in lung,
boils, breast pain, breast problems, breast tumors, bruising, chill with high
temperature followed by heat and perspiration, decreased sex drive, delusion,
difficulty urinating, excessive urine production, eye pain, facial swelling due
to fluid retention, fainting, false perceptions, feeling intoxicated, feeling
strange, flushing, frequent urination, glaucoma, gout, heart attack, hemorrhoids,
herpes infection, high cholesterol, hives, hot flashes, impotence, inability to
urinate, increased appetite, increased tolerance to the drug, intestinal blockage,
irregular heartbeat, joint degeneration, kidney failure, kidney pain, laryngitis,
leg cramps, loss of reality, low blood pressure, mental deterioration, muscle
spasms in arms and legs, muscle weakness, nosebleed, pain, painful urination,
panic attacks, paralysis, pneumonia, poor circulation, rectal bleeding, rigidity,
sciatica (lower back pain), sensation of seeing flashes of lights or sparks, sensitivity
to light, sleepwalking, speech difficulties, swelling of the eye, thinking abnormalities,
thirst, tooth decay, uncontrolled leg movements, urge to go to the bathroom, varicose
veins, weight loss, yawning
What are the symptoms of Ambien overdose?
A) People who take too
much Ambien may become excessively sleepy or even go into a light coma. The symptoms
of overdose are more severe if the person is also taking other drugs that depress
the central nervous system. Some cases of multiple overdoses have been fatal.
What adverse drug interactions are caused Ambien?
A) Alcohol has
an additive effect with Ambien and the two should not be combined. Ambien should
be used cautiously in patients with respiratory diseases because of its depressing
effect on breathing. Ambien may increase the effects of other drugs that cause
drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, other sedatives
(used to treat insomnia), pain relievers, anxiety medicines, and muscle relaxants.
However, caution should be used when combining it with other sedative drugs. Ambien
used at higher dosages can cause withdrawal symptoms (muscle cramps, sweats, shaking,
and seizures) when the drug is abruptly discontinued. Ambien can cause abnormal
behavior with confusion and paradoxical insomnia and should be discontinued if
these symptoms appear.
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